One of the Protestant movements striving for the reformation of the Christian church. One of its characteristics was the rejection of the baptism of newborn children. A radical branch that adhered to social communism became notorious when, under the direction of Jan Matthijsz (d. 1535) and Jan Beuckelsz of Leiden (c. 1510–1536), it forcibly seized power in the German city of Munster (1534–1535), hoping to bring about the arrival of God’s kingdom on Earth. Their revolution ended in a violent and bloody defeat. Menno Simons (1496–1561) reorganized the remnants of Anabaptism into a peaceful fraternity. During the 18th and 19th centuries, several Anabaptist families, known as Mennonites (after Menno Simons), immigrated to Russia and North America.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Anabaptists —    One of the four major dissenting groups that emerged during the Reformation, the Anabaptists were unique in rejecting the idea of an inclusive state church. Fiercely independent and combative, Anabaptists were unable to prevent repeated… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • ANABAPTISTS —    a fanatical sect which arose in Saxony at the time of the Reformation, and though it spread in various parts of Germany, came at length to grief by the excesses of its adherents in Münster.    See BAPTISTS …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • anabaptists — an·a bap·tist || ‚ænÉ™ bæptɪst n. member of the Protestant sect that opposed infant baptism …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Anabaptists —  Анабаптисты …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

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  • Anabaptist — Anabaptism, n. Anabaptistically, adv. /an euh bap tist/, n. 1. a member of any of various Protestant sects, formed in Europe after 1520, that denied the validity of infant baptism, baptized believers only, and advocated social and economic… …   Universalium

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